Urban and Town planning involves the shaping of the physical structure of a city in a way that, through an inclusive, public decision-making process, addresses a multitude of priorities and interests.
The urban design incorporates the practices of architecture, planning, and landscape architecture. It addresses the physical environment’s functional and aesthetic qualities on several scales, from the individual streetscape to park, block and the broader neighbourhood, city, or area.
The following are the importance of Urban and Town Planning.
1. Helps the Cities to Grow in a Planned Manner
The population in developing countries is growing due to more employment opportunities, better education services, and many other factors. There have to be some early preparations to support a vast population.
That’s why the development authorities and related stakeholders should work together on an effective plan-making process.
This is achieved by keeping such considerations in mind, such as residents’ needs, community engagement, social justice, public health, sufficient infrastructure expansion, and efficient emergency measures.
2. Improves Quality of Life
When moving to a city, the quality of life is the primary concern of any human being. Jobs and housing are the other two concerns. While the cost of living is higher, the opportunities are also excellent. The city manager must provide laws and regulations for the correct allocation of land, public areas, and utilities to make this easier.
With the knowledge of a town planner or town planning consultant, the government or city management is building many desirable points of interest due to the growing density in neighbouring cities. With the steady rise in the number of cars, the authorities are also reviewing traffic regulations regularly. All these steps eventually the quality of life.
3. Caters to Environmental Considerations
For the planet and its inhabitants, global warming has caused severe problems. To those who do town planning service, having an early idea of natural calamities has become quite important.
To create long-term plans and later accomplish them by taking short-term steps, they strive to foresee all such disasters. They keep both people and tourists safe from all the potential disasters facing the world today.
Only because of urban planning has it been possible to mitigate the risks for the betterment of all.
4. Positive Impact on Economy & Better Utilisation of Resources
As the cities grow, economic demands are also increasing. The financial measure is one of the most critical elements of urban planning, which would severely affect the city’s economy if not taken correctly.
As well as reducing the cost of living, it takes care of more and more work opportunities—the migration of inhabitants due to the limited number of job opportunities and costly living conditions a challenge.
5. Safe and Healthy Lifestyle for Everyone
Urban planners ensure that the residents in an urban area enjoy a secure and healthy life by consistently following the guidance given by the World Health Organization. They recommend that residents pay attention to their lifestyle.
Authorities build a safer atmosphere to arrange for senior citizens to exercise and have leisure time in appropriate places in the public park. To keep the city safe and healthy for the residents, they provide machines to collect waste and discarded items.
6. Making Cities Resilient
A well-planned city or region integrates different steps to prepare for disasters. Cities are places with a high population density, so they need to be safe and resilient from natural and man-made catastrophes.
Planning for the future allows the town to defend itself or mitigate damage from any catastrophe. Thus, urban planning aims to save urban areas and reduce the loss of lives and properties.
With a rising population, town or urban planning services are becoming more important for cities. These services need to be implemented in cities across the world, especially in developed countries.
People and the environment will always find themselves in challenging conditions, and without proper urban planning, things can only worsen.